You are free to reproduce and use the Family-Centered Care Scale (FCCS) for research or clinical practice. The FCCS may be reproduced on forms with hospital or clinical unit letterhead or logos, or used in electronic record systems. Please cite: Curley, Martha A. Q., Hunsberger, Mabel; Harris, Sion Kim (2013). Psychometric Evaluation of the Family-Centered Care Scale for Pediatric Acute Care Nursing. Nursing Research, 62(3):160-168. If you would like to republish the tool in any form external to your organization you will have to obtain permission from the copyright holder - Nursing Research. Requests for any changes or alterations in the instrument or requests to translate it into another language should be made in writing to Dr Curley.
Background: Caring for families is fundamental to pediatric nursing. However, existing measures do not capture parents’ experiences with family-centered nursing care.
Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the development and initial psychometric testing of the Family-Centered Care Scale, a seven-item instrument designed to measure a parent’s experience of nursing care that embodies core principles of family-centered care.
Methods: In Phase 1, 18 items describing what nurses do to engage parents of hospitalized children were derived from the literature describing mutuality. After establishing face validity, pretesting, and revision for clarity, the scale was administered to a convenience sample of 91 parents of hospitalized patients. In Phase 2, two items on parents’ perceptions of being well-cared-for were added. The 20-item scale was administered to 564 parents of children recruited from all inpatient units in a children’s hospital. In Phase 3, the scale was shortened to seven items and retested for validity among 454 additional parents.
Results: Internal consistency reliability was high across all versions and testing phases. Confirmatory factor analysis with data from a subsequent sample supported the final factor structure, regardless of patient type and race. There was a linear association between the scale consistency scores and overall quality of care ratings, supporting predictive validity of the scale.
Discussion: The Family-Centered Care Scale showed initial evidence of reliability and validity among parents with hospitalized children.
Articles of Interest
Curley, Martha A. Q., Hunsberger, Mabel; Harris, Sion Kim (2013). Psychometric Evaluation of the Family-Centered Care Scale for Pediatric Acute Care Nursing. Nursing Research, May/June 2013 - Volume 62 - Issue 3 - p 160-168